(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Children's Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl1348\margr1672\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn1348\margrsxn1672\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat1\ql\li0\fi8629\ri0\sb0\sa1937 \f1\fs20\par \sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn4023\margrsxn5078\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols2\colno1\colw720\colsr2167\colno2\colw720 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-6\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 MAUES}\par \column \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb18\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 213}\par \sect\sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn1348\margrsxn1672\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li932\fi0\ri0\sb166\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw11\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 on. the other hand, regards him as an Indo-}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li14\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Smith,\super 1}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi0\ri3395\sb7\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Parthian king. These two ethnic types\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'97\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 the Sakas and.the Pahlavas (Parthians)\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f1\cchs0 \'97\hich\af0\dbch\af1\loch\f0\cchs0 are no doubt constantly associated \expndtw8 with each other in Indian literature and inscriptions, \expndtw1 and sometimes it is even difficult to distinguish between them. The same family includes both Pahlava and Saka \expndtw2 names, and similarities are also found in their coinages \expndtw5 and their systems of satrapal government. Rapson, \expndtw1 therefore, rightly remarks that to label Maues and his successors as Sakas is "little more than a convenient \expndtw8 nomenclature."\super 2\nosupersub  Maues (Mauakes?) was certainly a great ruler. A copper-plate, found at Taxila,\super 3\nosupersub  which \expndtw-2 calls him \super ce\nosupersub Maharaya," proves that this region was includ\-\expndtw3 ed in his dominions. He subsequently adopted the title \expndtw2 "great king of kings" on his coins; and their provenance \expndtw3 and types also show that Gandhara and other adjacent \expndtw-2 lands, formerly under the Yavanas, came under his posses\-\expndtw-1 sion. But Maues does not appear to have carried his arms \expndtw0 far into the Punjab, and thus his kingdom lay between the \expndtw2 remnants of the t\\vo Yavana houses in the upper Kabul \expndtw4 valley and in eastern Punjab. The elate of Maues is \expndtw8 uncertain, as we do not know definitely to which era \expndtw2 the year 78 of the Taxila copper-plate is to be assigned. \expndtw6 Dr. Raychaudhuri thinks that he ruled "after 33 B.C., \expndtw9 but before the latter half of the first century A.D."\super 4 \nosupersub\expndtw5 Stcn Konow, on the other hand, believes that Maues \expndtw12 began to rule in about 90 B.C.\super 5\nosupersub  '}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li25\fi0\ri0\sb162\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw8\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs23 His successors}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li482\fi0\ri0\sb72\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 Maues was followed by Azes,\super 6\nosupersub  who maintained his}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li400\fi0\ri0\sb259\sa0\sl-198\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw4\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 1\nosupersub  \i E.H.L. \i0 4th ed., p. 242.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li385\fi0\ri6221\sb4\sa0\sl-198\slmult0\tx522 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs22 3{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\i\expndtw5 Cam. Hist. Ind., \i0 I, p. 568.\line \super\expndtw4 8\nosupersub  \i C.I.I., \i0 II, pt. I, pp. 28, 29.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li385\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-198\slmult0\tx522 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex76\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 4{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\nosupersub\i\charscalex106\expndtw1 Pol. Wst. Anc. Ind., \i0 4th ed., p. 365.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li36\fi374\ri3110\sb0\sa0\sl-198\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw0\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 &\nosupersub  Jour, Ind. Hist.., \i0 1933, p. 19. cf. Sten Konow, Notes on Indo-\expndtw8 Scythian  Chronology," \i Ibid., \i0 pp.  1-46.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li428\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\sl-198\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw7\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 6\nosupersub  Is he identical   with Aya  or Aja (A2es?) of the Kalawan}\par }